20410014 
ESPERIMENTAZIONI DI FISICA II
(objectives)
the student acquires skills in the use of instruments for measuring electrical quantities and in the practical implementation of simple electrical circuits in direct and alternating current conditions; acquires awareness of the consistency of experimental data with the theoretically expected results, achieving mastery in applying the theory of errors to data analysis and in the graphical representation on a linear and logarithmic scale of the experimental results. Do observe and interpret optical effects related to refraction, diffraction and interference of light.

MARI STEFANO MARIA
( syllabus)
ELECRTICAL CIRCUITS Ideal components: Resistor, Capacitor, Inductor. Active components: current generator, voltage generator. Real components: Resistor, Capacitor, Inductor, Generator. DC Circuits Kirchhoff’s Laws, the method of nodes, the method of meshes. The Wheatstone's Bridge. Linear networks: Superposition theorem, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton's theorem, Reciprocity theorem.
MEASUREMENTS in DC Circuits Current and Voltage Difference measurements, digital voltmeter, ohmmeter. Resistance measurements: voltmeterammeter method. Uncertainty in electrical measurements
Alternating Current Circuits Periodic, alternating, sinusoidal signals. AC coupling. Components in AC circuits, solution of AC circuits: the symbolic method.
AC basic Circuits RC circuits: lowpass, highpass, RL circuits. Differentiator and integrator circuits. Resonant circuits: the RLC circuit, series and parallel. The compensated voltage divider.
The NI Educational Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Suite (NI ELVIS) Amplitude measurements, phase measurements. Measurement uncertainty.
Pulsed Circuits Impulsive signals: step signal, pulse signal, rectangular waveform. RC circuits: highpass, lowpass. Compensated voltage divider.
The transmission line Model of the transmission line, telegrapher equation, lossless line. Reflection and transmission coefficients. The coaxial cable.
Basic statistical methods Mean, standard deviation, propagation of errors, confidence limits of a measurement. Chisquared test. Graphs, fitting procedures. PHYTON basic.
Elementary optics Basic geometrical optics. Optical interference. Optical diffraction.
( reference books)
Class Notes R. Bartiromo, M. De Vincenzi  "Electrical Measurements in the laboratory Practice"  Springer M. Severi  "Introduzione alla Esperimentazione Fisica"  Zanichelli C.K. Alexander, M.N.O. Sadiku  "Circuiti Elettrici"  McGraw Hill Young  "Elaborazione statistica dei dati sperimentali" Taylor  "Introduzione all'analisi degli errori" Any textbook on Physics, Electronics e Statistics for the degree course on Physic

ORESTANO DOMIZIA
( syllabus)
ELECRTICAL CIRCUITS Ideal components: Resistor, Capacitor, Inductor. Active components: current generator, voltage generator. Real components: Resistor, Capacitor, Inductor, Generator. DC Circuits Kirchhoff’s Laws, the method of nodes, the method of meshes. The Wheatstone's Bridge. Linear networks: Superposition theorem, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton's theorem, Reciprocity theorem.
MEASUREMENTS in DC Circuits Current and Voltage Difference measurements, digital voltmeter, ohmmeter. Resistance measurements: voltmeterammeter method. Uncertainty in electrical measurements
Alternating Current Circuits Periodic, alternating, sinusoidal signals. AC coupling. Components in AC circuits, solution of AC circuits: the symbolic method.
AC basic Circuits RC circuits: lowpass, highpass, RL circuits. Differentiator and integrator circuits. Resonant circuits: the RLC circuit, series and parallel. The compensated voltage divider.
The NI Educational Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Suite (NI ELVIS) Amplitude measurements, phase measurements. Measurement uncertainty.
Pulsed Circuits Impulsive signals: step signal, pulse signal, rectangular waveform. RC circuits: highpass, lowpass. Compensated voltage divider.
The transmission line Model of the transmission line, telegrapher equation, lossless line. Reflection and transmission coefficients. The coaxial cable.
Basic statistical methods Mean, standard deviation, propagation of errors, confidence limits of a measurement. Chisquared test. Graphs, fitting procedures. PHYTON basic.
Elementary optics Basic geometrical optics. Optical interference. Optical diffraction.
( reference books)
Class Notes R. Bartiromo, M. De Vincenzi  "Electrical Measurements in the laboratory Practice"  Springer M. Severi  "Introduzione alla Esperimentazione Fisica"  Zanichelli C.K. Alexander, M.N.O. Sadiku  "Circuiti Elettrici"  McGraw Hill Young  "Elaborazione statistica dei dati sperimentali" Taylor  "Introduzione all'analisi degli errori" Any textbook on Physics, Electronics e Statistics for the degree course on Physic

Ruggeri Federico
( syllabus)
ELECRTICAL CIRCUITS Ideal components: Resistor, Capacitor, Inductor. Active components: current generator, voltage generator. Real components: Resistor, Capacitor, Inductor, Generator. DC Circuits Kirchhoff’s Laws, the method of nodes, the method of meshes. The Wheatstone's Bridge. Linear networks: Superposition theorem, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton's theorem, Reciprocity theorem.
MEASUREMENTS in DC Circuits Current and Voltage Difference measurements, digital voltmeter, ohmmeter. Resistance measurements: voltmeterammeter method. Uncertainty in electrical measurements
Alternating Current Circuits Periodic, alternating, sinusoidal signals. AC coupling. Components in AC circuits, solution of AC circuits: the symbolic method.
AC basic Circuits RC circuits: lowpass, highpass, RL circuits. Differentiator and integrator circuits. Resonant circuits: the RLC circuit, series and parallel. The compensated voltage divider.
The NI Educational Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Suite (NI ELVIS) Amplitude measurements, phase measurements. Measurement uncertainty.
Pulsed Circuits Impulsive signals: step signal, pulse signal, rectangular waveform. RC circuits: highpass, lowpass. Compensated voltage divider.
The transmission line Model of the transmission line, telegrapher equation, lossless line. Reflection and transmission coefficients. The coaxial cable.
Basic statistical methods Mean, standard deviation, propagation of errors, confidence limits of a measurement. Chisquared test. Graphs, fitting procedures. PHYTON basic.
Elementary optics Basic geometrical optics. Optical interference. Optical diffraction.
( reference books)
Class Notes R. Bartiromo, M. De Vincenzi  "Electrical Measurements in the laboratory Practice"  Springer M. Severi  "Introduzione alla Esperimentazione Fisica"  Zanichelli C.K. Alexander, M.N.O. Sadiku  "Circuiti Elettrici"  McGraw Hill Young  "Elaborazione statistica dei dati sperimentali" Taylor  "Introduzione all'analisi degli errori" Any textbook on Physics, Electronics e Statistics for the degree course on Physic

9

FIS/01

36



54



Core compulsory activities

ITA 
Optional group:
GRUPPO DI SCELTA II° ANNO  (show)

6








20401876 
DATA MANAGEMENT LABORATORY
(objectives)
To provide the student with the basic tools for the design, implementation and management of complex calculation systems for the processing of large amounts of data.

BUDANO Antonio
( syllabus)
Computer Architecture:  Logical and physical organization: o CPU architectures compared to CISC and RISC o RISC architecture in detail (parallelism, pipeline, superscalar architecture, registers, operations, buffers and internal cache) o system bus and bus for peripherals, main memory, disks  Operating systems: o kernel types, processes and structure of executables, loading of executables into main memory, virtual and physical addresses, paging, swap o scheduling algorithms, process priorities, input / output devices and their drivers, interrupt management, communications between processes, signals, timing management o file system  Virtual systems and container: o Virtual machine architecture o Container architecture
Communication networks:  Network architectures: o topologies of local and geographic networks o routing and communication protocols o standard TCP / IP, layered structure, organization of packet headers, transport layers, network and data link in TCP / IP, applications and their protocols o Notes on the architecture of FiberChannel and InfiniBand network
Storage systems:  physical structuring  RAID systems
Data intensive processing systems:  intensive computation, algorithm parallelism, computer farm and job scheduling systems  new frontiers of scientific computing and GRID.  Cloud systems
Laboratory activities:  Linux operating system  Shared file systems  MPI libraries for running parallel programs  Scheduling systems  Testing services based on docker container
( reference books)
Texts adopted:  J. F. Kurose, K. W. Ross , Reti di calcolatori e internet. Un approccio topdown  A. S. Tanenbaum, H. Bos, B. Crispo, C. Palazzi, I moderni sistemi operativi  A. S. Tanenbaum, T.Austin, Architettura dei calcolatori. Un approccio strutturale

6

FIS/04

48







Elective activities

ITA 
20410084 
COMPLEMENTS OF ANALYTICAL MECHANICS  MOD A
(objectives)
To deepen the mathematical tools at the base of mechanics by providing applications also in other fields

GENTILE GUIDO
( syllabus)
Linear dynamic systems. Forced harmonic oscillation in the presence or absence of dissipation. Limit sets and limit cycles. Planar systems. Gradient systems. Stability theorems. LotkaVolterra equations. Van der pol equation. Euler angles. Euler's equations describing the dynamics of a rigid body.
( reference books)
G. Gentile, Introduzione ai sistemi dinamici. 1. Equazioni differenziali ordinarie, analisi qualitativa e alcune applicazioni, available online G. Gentile, Introduzione ai sistemi dinamici. 2. Meccanica lagrangiana e hamiltoniana, available online

3

MAT/07

30







Elective activities

ITA 
20410085 
COMPLEMENTI DI MECCANICA ANALITICA  MOD. B
(objectives)
To deepen the mathematical tools at the base of mechanics by providing applications also in other fields

GENTILE GUIDO
( syllabus)
Trottola di Lagrange. Trasformazione canoniche. Parentesi di Poisson e condizione di Lie. Funzioni generatrici. Teoria delle perturbazioni. Equazione omologica. Sistemi iscocroni e anisocroni. Serie di Birkhoff. Teoria perturbativa a tutti gli ordini per sistemi isocroni e teorema di Nekhoroshev. Teorema KAM.
( reference books)
G. Gentile, Introduzione ai sistemi dinamici. 1. Equazioni differenziali ordinarie, analisi qualitativa e alcune applicazioni, available online G. Gentile, Introduzione ai sistemi dinamici. 2. Meccanica lagrangiana e hamiltoniana, available online

3

MAT/07

30







Elective activities

ITA 
20410018 
PRINCIPI DI ASTROFISICAMODULO A
(objectives)
Provide the student with a first view of some of the fundamental topics of Astrophysics and Cosmology using the mathematical and physical knowledge acquired in the first two years

Derived from
20410499 Principi di Astrofisica in Fisica L30 LA FRANCA FABIO, MATT GIORGIO
( syllabus)
1. Summary of the lectures 2. Celestial coordinates (1.3) 3. Telescopes and angular resolution (6.1) 4. Parallax distance (3.1) 5. Flux, luminosity, apparent and absolute magnitudes, colors (3.2, 3.3, 3.6) 6. The Black Body (3.4, 3.5) 7. The Hydrogen atom, eccitation an the Boltzmann equation, ionization and the Saha equation (8.1) 8. The HertzsprungRussel diagram (8.2) 9. The Transfer Equation, color excess (9.2, 9.3, 12.1) 10. Spectroscopic measures of velocity, temterature and density 11. The curve of growth and abundance measures (9.5) 12. Internal structure of stars. KelvinHelmholtz instability (10.14) 13. The hydrogen nuclear reactions (10.3) 14. Jeans mass. Collapsing clouds. Free Fall time. Initial Mass Function (12.2, 12.3) 15. Open and globular clusters: stellar populations and HR diagrams (13.3) 16. The Milky Way and the Local Group (24.1, 24.2) 17. Metallicity (24.2) 18. The rotation curve of galaxies and the dark matter (24.3) 19. Galaxy classification (25.1) 20. Collision/merging probability among galaxies and among stars
In parenthesis are the paragraphs from “An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics, II ed.  B.W. Carrol, D.A. Ostlie  Ed. Pearson, Addison Wesley ”.
( reference books)
“An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics, II ed.  B.W. Carrol, D.A. Ostlie  Ed. Pearson, Addison Wesley ”

3

FIS/05

30







Elective activities

ITA 
20410021 
ELEMENTI DI FISICA DEGLI ACCELERATORI
(objectives)
Acquire a basic knowledge of the principles of particle accelerators and their main applications

SABBATINI LUCIA
( syllabus)
Introduction: History. Scientific and technological applications of particle accelerators. Operating principles. Basic mathematics and physics: Matrices. Harmonic oscillator. Basic concepts of relativity. Lorentz force. Maxwell's equations. Accelerator types: Linear accelerator (LINAC). Cyclotron. Betatron. Synchrotron. Basic concepts of an accelerator: Beam characteristics. Main components of an accelerator. Phase stability principle. Transverse dynamics: Transverse focus (weak focusing and strong focusing). Magnetic elements: dipoles, quadrupoles, sextupoles, correctors. Transport matrices (drift, dipole, quadrupole, FODO cell). Hill's equation, general solutions. Tune. Twiss parameters. Dispersion. Chromaticity. Longitudinal dynamics: Linac, cyclotron, synchrotron. RF systems. Accelerating structures: Standing Wave and Traveling Wave. Colliders: Brightness, integrated brightness. Fixed target vs collider. Beambeam effects. Collision schemes. Examples: DAΦNE. LHC. Synchrotron radiation sources: Applications. Characteristics of synchrotron radiation, frequency spectrum.
( reference books)
Slides are used and provided (taken from the 20152016 course of Dr. Marica Biagini (INFNLNF)
A text that deals, in more depth, with the topics of the program: CAS  CERN Accelerator School: 5th General Accelerator Physics Course (http://cds.cern.ch/record/235242?ln=en)

3

FIS/04

24







Elective activities

ITA 
20410023 
ELEMENTS OF CONTEMPORARY THEORETICAL PHYSICS
(objectives)
Introduce at an elementary level about the concepts and principles of research in contemporary theoretical physics.

LUBICZ VITTORIO
( syllabus)
1) Theory of Relativity: Special Relativity. Spacetime. Fourvectors: relativistic velocity, momentum and energy. General relativity. 2) Quantum mechanics: Crisis of classical physics. The principles of quantum mechanics. Schrödinger equation and quantum systems. New phenomena, developments and interpretations. 3) Field theory and Standard Model of elementary particles: Introduction and fundamentals. Properties of interactions and particles. The Standard Model. 4) Particle physics beyond the Standard Model: Limits of the Standard Model. New Physics Models. 5) Quantum gravity.
( reference books)
Lecture notes available on the course website

TARANTINO CECILIA
( syllabus)
1) Theory of Relativity: Special Relativity. Spacetime. Fourvectors: relativistic velocity, momentum and energy. General relativity. 2) Quantum mechanics: Crisis of classical physics. The principles of quantum mechanics. Schrödinger equation and quantum systems. New phenomena, developments and interpretations. 3) Field theory and Standard Model of elementary particles: Introduction and fundamentals. Properties of interactions and particles. The Standard Model. 4) Particle physics beyond the Standard Model: Limits of the Standard Model. New Physics Models. 5) Quantum gravity.
( reference books)
Lecture notes available on the course website

3

FIS/02

24







Elective activities

ITA 
20410507 
Philosophy of Science

Derived from
20702666 FILOSOFIA DELLA SCIENZA in Filosofia L5 DORATO MAURO
( syllabus)
The course aims at introducing the key questions of the philosophy and methodology of science, among these the competing theories of scientific explanation, the nature of scientific method, the relation between hypotheses and evidence and the cognitive content of scientific theories in light of their historical change. While the first part of the course will consist in an introduction to these general topics (by using Dorato’s and Okasha’s text), in the second, longer part we will read and comment three of the classics authors of 20th century philosophy of science, namely Karl Popper, Carl Hempel and Rudolf Carnap.
( reference books)
K.R. Popper, Scienza e Filosofia, Einaudi, Torino, 2000. S. Okasha Il mio primo libro di filosofia della scienza, Einaudi, Torino (cap.1, 2, 3, 5, 7) Rudolf Carnap, I fondamenti filosofici della fisica (capitoli disponibili in rete sul sito del docente), Il Saggiatore, Milano

3

MFIL/02

24







Elective activities

ITA 
20410025 
PRINCIPI DI FISICA TERRESTRE E DELL'AMBIENTE
(objectives)
Acquire skills related to the basic physical principles of the study of the planet earth and the interactive dynamics between geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and cryosphere and of the Physics of the Environment.

PETTINELLI ELENA
( syllabus)
The Earth as a Planet Earth Gravity, Inertia and density Seismic waves and Earth inner structure Geophysical methods for the analysis of volcanoes structure Introduction to physics of climate Ionosphere and space weather Lithospheric plates cinematic Exploration geophysics Planetary geophysics Environmental radioactivity

1,5

FIS/06

12







Elective activities

1,5

FIS/07

12







Elective activities


ITA 
20410498 
principles of condensed matter
(objectives)
Provide the student with an introduction to some of the topics important for research in condensed matter physics.

GALLO PAOLA
( syllabus)
The whole course consists in three parts. Program of the first part: Introduction to the physics of liquid and of soft matter Thermodynamic quantities, structural quantitates and dynamic quantitie for the study of liquid and soft matter, biomatter included. Introduction to the physics of glasses and disordered systems.
( reference books)
Notes provided by the teacher

RAIMONDI ROBERTO
( syllabus)
PROGRAM: Introduction to the physics of liquids, soft matter and disordered systems Introduction to spintronics: concepts, applications, challenges. Introduction to the physics of matter at the nanoscale
( reference books)
Notes provided by the teacher

DE SETA MONICA
( syllabus)
The course consists of three parts taken by different professors. Program of the third part: Introduction to the physics of matter at the nanoscale. Waveparticle dualism; electron confinement and quantization of electronic states; "Band Engineering" in semiconductor heterostructures; quantum structures for electronics and photonics. Bottomup and topdown approaches to nanofabrication; visualization of nanostructured materials; Phenomenology of some nanostructured devices.
( reference books)
Third part: notes provided by the teacher

3

FIS/03

30







Elective activities

ITA 
20410499 
Principles of astrophysics
(objectives)
Provide the student with a first view of some of the fundamental topics of Astrophysics and Cosmology using the mathematical and physical knowledge acquired in the first two years

LA FRANCA FABIO
( syllabus)
1. Summary of the lectures 2. Celestial coordinates (1.3) 3. Telescopes and angular resolution (6.1) 4. Parallax distance (3.1) 5. Flux, luminosity, apparent and absolute magnitudes, colors (3.2, 3.3, 3.6) 6. The Black Body (3.4, 3.5) 7. The Hydrogen atom, eccitation an the Boltzmann equation, ionization and the Saha equation (8.1) 8. The HertzsprungRussel diagram (8.2) 9. The Transfer Equation, color excess (9.2, 9.3, 12.1) 10. Spectroscopic measures of velocity, temterature and density 11. The curve of growth and abundance measures (9.5) 12. Internal structure of stars. KelvinHelmholtz instability (10.14) 13. The hydrogen nuclear reactions (10.3) 14. Jeans mass. Collapsing clouds. Free Fall time. Initial Mass Function (12.2, 12.3) 15. Open and globular clusters: stellar populations and HR diagrams (13.3) 16. The Milky Way and the Local Group (24.1, 24.2) 17. Metallicity (24.2) 18. The rotation curve of galaxies and the dark matter (24.3) 19. Galaxy classification (25.1) 20. Collision/merging probability among galaxies and among stars
In parenthesis are the paragraphs from “An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics, II ed.  B.W. Carrol, D.A. Ostlie  Ed. Pearson, Addison Wesley ”.
Second part 1. The measure of the distance of the Earth from the Sun. The Venus transit 2. The distance scale ladder (27.1) 3. The Hubble law of the expansion of the Universe (27.2) 4. The center of the Milky Way and the central supermassive black hole (24.4) 5. Active Galactic Nuclei and matter accretion on supermassive black holes (28.1, 28.2, 28.3) 6. Star formation measures 7. Galaxy evolution 8. Cluster of galaxies and dark matter measures (27.3) 9. Large scale structure of the Universe (27.3) 10. The Big Bang an the cosmic background radiation (29.2)
( reference books)
“An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics, II ed.  B.W. Carrol, D.A. Ostlie  Ed. Pearson, Addison Wesley ”

MATT GIORGIO
( syllabus)
1. Summary of the lectures 2. Celestial coordinates (1.3) 3. Telescopes and angular resolution (6.1) 4. Parallax distance (3.1) 5. Flux, luminosity, apparent and absolute magnitudes, colors (3.2, 3.3, 3.6) 6. The Black Body (3.4, 3.5) 7. The Hydrogen atom, eccitation an the Boltzmann equation, ionization and the Saha equation (8.1) 8. The HertzsprungRussel diagram (8.2) 9. The Transfer Equation, color excess (9.2, 9.3, 12.1) 10. Spectroscopic measures of velocity, temterature and density 11. The curve of growth and abundance measures (9.5) 12. Internal structure of stars. KelvinHelmholtz instability (10.14) 13. The hydrogen nuclear reactions (10.3) 14. Jeans mass. Collapsing clouds. Free Fall time. Initial Mass Function (12.2, 12.3) 15. Open and globular clusters: stellar populations and HR diagrams (13.3) 16. The Milky Way and the Local Group (24.1, 24.2) 17. Metallicity (24.2) 18. The rotation curve of galaxies and the dark matter (24.3) 19. Galaxy classification (25.1) 20. Collision/merging probability among galaxies and among stars
In parenthesis are the paragraphs from “An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics, II ed.  B.W. Carrol, D.A. Ostlie  Ed. Pearson, Addison Wesley ”.
Second part 1. The measure of the distance of the Earth from the Sun. The Venus transit 2. The distance scale ladder (27.1) 3. The Hubble law of the expansion of the Universe (27.2) 4. The center of the Milky Way and the central supermassive black hole (24.4) 5. Active Galactic Nuclei and matter accretion on supermassive black holes (28.1, 28.2, 28.3) 6. Star formation measures 7. Galaxy evolution 8. Cluster of galaxies and dark matter measures (27.3) 9. Large scale structure of the Universe (27.3) 10. The Big Bang an the cosmic background radiation (29.2)
( reference books)
“An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics, II ed.  B.W. Carrol, D.A. Ostlie  Ed. Pearson, Addison Wesley ”

6

FIS/05

60







Elective activities

ITA 
