Derived from

20410408 AL310  ELEMENTS OF ADVANCED ALGEBRA in Mathematics L35 PAPPALARDI FRANCESCO, TOLLI FILIPPO, CAPUANO LAURA
(syllabus)
Cardano equations for the solvability of third degree equations, rings and fields, the characteristic of a field, reminders of polynomial rings, field extensions, construction of some field extensions, the subring generated by a subset, the subfield generated by a subset, algebraic and transcendental elements, algebraically closed fields.
Splitting fields. Simple extensions and maps between simple extensions, splitting fields, existence of the splitting field, uniqueness except for isomorphisms of the splitting field, multiple roots, formal derivatives, separable polynomials and perfect fields, minimal polynomials and their characterizations.
The fundamental theorem of Galois theory. Group of automorphisms of a field, normal, separable and Galois extensions, characterisations of separable extensions, fundamental theorem of Galois correspondence, examples, Galois group of polynomials, root extensions, solvable groups and the Galois theorem on solving equations, Theorem of the existence of the primitive element.
The calculation of the Galois group. Galois groups as subgroups of S_n, transitive subgroups of S_n, characterization of irreducibility in terms of transitivity, polynomials with Galois groups in A_n, Discriminant theory, Galois groups of polynomials of degree less than or equal to 4, examples of polynomials with Galois group S_p, Dedekind theorem (only statement). Applications of Dedekind's Theorem, how to construct a polynomial with Galois group S_n.
Cyclotomic fields. Definitions, Galois group, under maximal real fields, quadratic subfields, Galois groups, cyclotomic polynomials and their properties, Galois inverse theory for abelian groups.
Finite Fields. Existence and uniqueness of finite fields, Galois group of a finite field, subfields of a finite field, enumeration of irreducible polynomials on finite fields. Construction of the algebraic closure of a finite field with p elements.
Constructions with ruler and compass. Definition of constructible plane points, constructible real numbers, characterization of constructible points in terms of fields, constructible subfields and construction of constructible numbers, cube duplication, angle trisection, circle quadrature and Gauss theorem for constructing regular polygons with ruler and compass.
(reference books)
J. S. Milne,Fields and Galois Theory.Course Notes, (2015).
